In the June 2014
survey we received responses from 968,882,453
sites, six million less than last month.
The battle between Microsoft and Apache heated up this month, with Apache
losing 13 million sites and Microsoft gaining 26 million. The resultant changes
in market share have left Apache barely clinging onto the lead — Microsoft is
now only 0.15 percentage points behind. This is the closest Microsoft has ever
been, giving it a good chance of taking the lead for the first time next month.
However, Apache continues to dominate in terms of active sites
, i.e. sites which are actively managed by humans rather than being automatically generated for use in activities such as link farming
and domain squatting. Under this metric, Apache's losses were less significant, still leaving it
with more than half of the market share, and more than 36 percentage points ahead of its closest competitor, nginx.
In terms of all websites, nginx suffered the second largest loss of 8.6 million sites. nginx is very often
used as a reverse proxy, although other web servers can also fulfill this role.
module allows it to be configured as either a forward or reverse proxy, and
Microsoft IIS can be configured to act as a reverse proxy with the URL Rewrite
and Application Request Routing modules. Microsoft Azure
also achieve the same functionality once the
has been enabled.
, which is based on nginx,
also fell by three million sites this month. This web server software is used
extensively by its originators, Taobao
has been an open source project since 2011. Tengine supports all of the features
of nginx 1.4.7, plus some
which are not present in the stable
releases of nginx 1.4.x or 1.6.x, such as
syslog and pipe support. However, the most recent mainline
version (nginx 1.7.1), which was released on 27 May, does now allow the error_log and access_log directives to be logged to syslog.
IPv4 addresses nearing total exhaustion
On 20 May, ICANN announced that it had begun the process of allocating the
remaining blocks of IPv4 addresses to the five Regional Internet Registries
(RIRs). As the total number of available 32-bit IPv4 addresses dwindles, network
operators are being encouraged to adopt the use of 128-bit IPv6 addresses, which
will allow a significantly larger number of unique addresses: IPv4 can only
provide 4.3 billion addresses, whereas IPv6 can provide
times as many.
Unfortunately, adoption of IPv6 is proving to be a slow process. Only 3% of the hostnames in this month's survey can be resolved to IPv6 addresses, and the total number of IPv6 addresses used by websites has increased by only 18% over the past 12 months.
says the process of allocating the remaining blocks was triggered
when Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre's (LACNIC) supply of
IPv4 addresses dropped to below 8 million.
Topically, this month's survey saw ICANN's website at www.icann.org
change its Server banner from Apache to BigIP. For the past few years, it had either been "Apache" or "Apache/2.2.3 CentOS", although the operating system has consistently been identified as F5 BIG-IP
Adobe's community forums at forums.adobe.com
also switched to BigIP this month, from Apache-Coyote/1.1
For more information see Active Sites