August 2014 Web Server Survey

In the August 2014 survey we received responses from 992,177,228 sites — four million fewer than last month.

Despite losing more than six million hostnames and its lead over Apache shrinking to 2.13 percentage points, Microsoft managed to retain the top spot it snatched from Apache last month. Many of the lost hostnames that were using Microsoft IIS belonged to a single Chinese link farm; these sites typically last just a few months and so such volatility in the number of hostnames is no surprise. Apache was the only major server vendor to gain hostnames, adding more than 780,000.

Web Server Developer - Market Share of Computers

The number of web-facing computers, on the other hand, is less susceptible to fluctuations, representing the install base of each server vendor.

Web server market share for computers

DeveloperJuly 2014PercentAugust 2014PercentChange
Apache2,321,14147.92%2,338,92747.83%-0.09
Microsoft1,512,93331.24%1,515,67431.00%-0.24
nginx460,7959.51%478,7939.79%0.28

Whilst nginx lost more than six million hostnames — many from link farms of a similar nature to those using IIS albeit on a smaller scale — the number of web-facing computers running the open-source web server grew by almost 18,000. Although nginx had the largest growth this month, Apache was not far behind, growing by almost 17,800 web-facing computers. Despite this growth, Apache's share of web-facing computers fell slightly, though it retains its lead over Microsoft by a comfortable margin (47.8% vs 31%).

Although all of the major server vendors have experienced regular and steady growth in the web-facing computers metric, they have often been outpaced by nginx. Both Apache and IIS have seen a slow decline in market share as a result, losing 0.9 and 2.4 percentage points respectively over the last year. nginx's share of web-facing computers is now just shy of 10%, almost double its share in August 2012.

DigitalOcean opens London data centre

Cloud hosting provider DigitalOcean has seen tremendous growth over the past 18 months, and this month became the 5th largest hosting provider in terms of web-facing computers. More than half of all Digital Ocean droplets are running Apache, and a further 43% use nginx.

In July, DigitalOcean opened a new data centre in London, its third data centre in Europe. If the growth rate of their Singapore data centre is anything to go by, DigitalOcean could soon become one of the largest hosting providers in the UK.

Less than a month after opening their Singapore data centre in February 2014, DigitalOcean became the 8th largest provider in Singapore. Half a year later, DigitalOcean is now the second largest hosting provider in Singapore, with a total 4,900 computers, trailing only Amazon, which has more than 12,000 web-facing computers.

Explosive growth on .xyz

The biggest gain among the new gTLDs was on .xyz, which entered general availability on July 2nd. In just over a month, .xyz has grown by 225,000 hostnames, and is already the largest of the new gTLDs by both hostnames and domains. Almost all the growth appears to be the result of a Network Solutions promotion which offers a free matching .xyz domain with each .com domain purchased. Almost 200,000 of these new hostnames resolve to a single IP address, which shows a Network Solutions domain holding page.

Other large growths among the new gTLDs include .berlin which gained 85,500 hostnames, .club (+9,700), and .events (+5,500).

Microsoft using Brazilian IP address space in US

Microsoft recently opened an Azure data centre in São Paulo, making its first foray into South America. Shortly after the data centre was opened, some Azure users began noticing that their virtual machines were being assigned Brazilian IP addresses despite not using the new Brazilian data centre. Microsoft attributed this behaviour to its dwindling supply of available IPv4 address space, particularly in the United States. This month, almost 9,000 hostnames were found on 1,600 Brazilian IP addresses despite being hosted in one of Microsoft's other Azure data centres.

Total number of websites
 
Web server market share
 
Developer July 2014 Percent August 2014 Percent Change
Microsoft 373,869,026 37.53% 367,805,416 37.07% -0.46
Apache 345,921,550 34.73% 346,702,990 34.94% 0.22
nginx 141,041,852 14.16% 135,037,738 13.61% -0.55
Google 20,511,505 2.06% 20,076,890 2.02% -0.04
Web server market share for active sites
 
Developer July 2014 Percent August 2014 Percent Change
Apache 91,309,890 51.14% 91,306,006 51.13% -0.01
nginx 25,626,043 14.35% 25,839,581 14.47% 0.12
Microsoft 21,184,728 11.86% 21,028,041 11.78% -0.09
Google 14,506,491 8.12% 14,059,484 7.87% -0.25

For more information see Active Sites

Web server market share for top million busiest sites
 
Developer July 2014 Percent August 2014 Percent Change
Apache 513,639 51.36% 511,890 51.19% -0.17
nginx 196,714 19.67% 195,974 19.60% -0.07
Microsoft 124,303 12.43% 124,702 12.47% 0.04
Google 27,979 2.80% 27,239 2.72% -0.07