co-founded the Apache Web Server Project
and was the first Chief Engineer at Wired Magazine
. He also co-founded the web design firm Organic Online
, where Behlendorf now serves as CTO. He talks to Rich Miller about Apache's growth, the SCO case's unexpected benefits for open source, and changing the world through software.
Q. It's been a year of big gains for Apache, which now runs more than two-thirds of the sites on the Web, according to the Netcraft Web Server Survey, erasing inroads by Microsoft during 2001. What's your take on Apache's continuing gains?
A. I could speculate all day long as to why it's continued to grow, and I'd love to see a real survey done on it. Anecdotally, my take is that I imagine most of the growth continues to be either with the small mom-n-pop companies, or web hosting ISPs, or internationally - all places where price sensitivity is high, where the economic downturn is still causing budgets to be hurt, and there's willingness to consider an Open Source approach to solving a given problem. No doubt the security holes in IIS have continued to plague its reputation, and while there have been some noticed recently (and fixed) in Apache, they have been much less serious. Finally, I imagine the rise of related Apache projects, like the continued rise in use of mod_perl and Tomcat and our friends over at PHP, have only increased the confidence in using the web server for mission-critical situations.
Q. What's your take on the long-term impact of the SCO lawsuits? What changes - positive and negative - do you see it producing for Linux and the open source community?
A. I'm assuming that thanks to the BayStar callback that this lawsuit is nearly dead. Of course SCO, could sue their own financial backers and prolong this further, but it feels like we're seeing the beginning of the end. But while it was alive, it did a lot for Open Source in some unexpected ways. The community at large had taken a largely see-no-evil, hear-no-evil approach to issues around IP ownership, clearance of rights, that sort of thing, except for a few organizations like the FSF and the Apache Software Foundation who actually put effort into collecting license agreements from contributors. Now, developers are more aware than ever that getting a clean history for code matters a great deal.