Netcraft’s research into the Android banking malware FluBot confirms that its operations are expanding rapidly, with a spike in the number of malware distribution pages deployed, and finance applications affected in greater numbers.
In recent days new overlays have been distributed that target a number of Polish and German banks, only days after news that FluBot has begun to target Australian banks.
FluBot is distributed in the first instance using text messages, containing links to so-called “lure” pages: web pages unintentionally hosted by compromised web servers, commonly impersonating parcel tracking services, or voicemail notifications. Lure pages attempt to induce visitors to download the malware.
The FluBot strain of Android banking malware, which was initially observed in Spain in late 2020 before spreading more widely across Europe over the following months, is now targeting Australian banks.
Once installed, FluBot periodically sends a list of apps installed on the device to one of its command-and-control servers. The server responds with a list of apps the malware should overlay. Upon one of these apps being launched, FluBot immediately displays an overlay on top of the legitimate app. The overlays impersonate the legitimate apps and are designed to collect the victim’s online banking credentials, which are sent to the criminals operating FluBot via the command-and-control server.
Netcraft monitors the list of apps targeted by FluBot, and today discovered that FluBot for the first time is serving overlays for Australian banking apps, including Bank Australia, Bank of Melbourne, BankSA, CommBank, Great Southern Bank Australia, HSBC Australia, National Australia Bank, St.George Bank, Suncorp, and UBank.
Posted by Graham Edgecombe in Security
|5||Hyve Managed Hosting||Linux||0:00:00||0.013||0.137||0.073||0.146||0.146|
In July 2021, dinahosting had the most reliable hosting company site: it responded to all of Netcraft’s requests, with an average connection time of 75ms. dinahosting has appeared in the top 10 table five times in 2021 so far and offers its services from Interxion and Global Switch in Madrid. Customers can choose from a range of cloud and managed solutions as well as register domain names.
Bigstep, Webair and ServerStack appear in second, third and fourth places respectively. These sites responded to the same number of requests and were separated by average connection time. Bigstep’s bare metal cloud hosting provides the flexibility of cloud hosting without the associated overhead and performance reductions of virtualization. The bare metal offerings are available in data centres in the UK and Romania. Webair offers managed and private cloud services, storage and backup solutions from its eight facilities in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Montreal, London, Paris, Amsterdam and Singapore. ServerStack provides managed and dedicated solutions from its three data centres in North America and Amsterdam.
Nine of the top 10 hosting company sites used Linux in July, continuing the dominance of Linux in the top 10.
In the July 2021 survey we received responses from 1,216,435,462 sites across 262,098,666 unique domains and 11,260,130 web-facing computers. This reflects a gain of 3.16 million sites, 1.99 million domains, and 161,000 computers.
nginx gained the largest number of sites, computers and domains this month – and continues to lead in each of these metrics – but it lost the most active sites, and its presence amongst the top million sites also fell by the largest amount. The largest active sites gain was made by Google (+1.02 million), while Cloudflare was the only major vendor to increase its share amongst the top million sites (+1,732).
Despite strong growth by Google and Cloudflare, Apache still has the largest number of active sites and greatest presence within the top million sites, while nginx is second in both of these metrics.
nginx's gain of 7.99 million sites was followed by an additional 1.36 million sites powered by OpenResty, which is a web server based on nginx. More than 12 million of the 75.4 million sites that use OpenResty are Tumblr microblogging websites under the tumblr.com domain.
OpenResty was originally sponsored by Yahoo! China and Taobao prior to 2011, but Taobao now maintains its own Tengine web server, which is also based on nginx. This is currently used by 11.3 million websites, including 3.13 million C2C ecommerce sites that use the taobao.com domain and 265,000 sites like disney.tmall.com that use the Tmall.com B2C platform.
The number of websites powered by Microsoft IIS (Internet Information Services) fell by 1.92 million to 51.6 million this month. These sites are spread across 13.5 million unique domains and use several different versions of IIS.
The widespread use of several different versions of IIS is likely to continue as Microsoft announced Extended Security Updates for Windows Server 2012 and 2012 R2 on 14 July. Customers who migrate their workloads to Microsoft Azure will get free extended security updates for three more years, while those who choose to run Windows Server on-premises will have the option to purchase the updates. These versions of Windows Server provide the IIS 8.0 and IIS 8.5 web server software, which is still used by 21.4 million websites in this month's survey.
One year of extended security updates are also available for Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 on Azure only. These older versions of Windows Server use IIS 7.0 and IIS 7.5, which are still used by 15.7 million websites.
The latest version of Microsoft's web server software, IIS 10.0, is currently used by 12.1 million websites. This version can be found on Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019, and can also run on the preview version of Windows Server 2022.
Other vendor and hosting news
- nginx 1.21.1 mainline was released on 6 July. This version includes a few bugfixes and improved error reporting.
- Caddy Web Server saw its 100th release on 17 June. Caddy 2.4.3 includes some bugfixes and an important security update for PHP-based websites.
- Apache Tomcat 10.1.0-M2 (alpha), 10.0.8 and 9.0.50 were released on 2 July, followed by Tomcat 8.5.69 on 5 July. Tomcat 10.1.0-M2 (alpha) differs from 10.0.8 in that it is targeted at Jakarta EE 10 rather than EE 9. A migration tool is available for applications that run on Tomcat 9 and earlier, as these are targeted at Java EE and must be changed to use Jakarta EE.
- Windows Server 2022 is now in preview on the Evaluation Center.
|Developer||June 2021||Percent||July 2021||Percent||Change|
Posted in Web Server Survey
|3||Hyve Managed Hosting||Linux||0:00:00||0.000||0.135||0.073||0.147||0.147|
|7||New York Internet (NYI)||FreeBSD||0:00:00||0.007||0.559||0.061||0.121||0.121|
|8||CWCS Managed Hosting||Linux||0:00:00||0.007||0.243||0.065||0.129||0.129|
Rackspace had the most reliable hosting company site in June 2021, and has come either first or second in the ranking for six consecutive months. The top four sites each had no failed requests, but an average connection time of 9ms gives Rackspace the edge. Rackspace offers a variety of cloud hosting solutions from 40 data centres across Europe, North and South America, Asia and Australia.
In the June 2021 survey we received responses from 1,213,277,377 sites across 260,108,646 unique domains and 11,098,973 web-facing computers. This reflects a loss of 5.15 million sites, but a gain of 513,000 domains and 47,100 web-facing computers.
nginx experienced the largest gains in web-facing computers and domains this month; despite a large loss of sites. In the web-facing computer metric nginx’s gain of 74,100 (1.86%) was substantially the largest, and resulted in a market share increase of 0.5 percentage points to 36.5%. Its lead in this metric continues to steadily grow, with Apache’s share in second place dropping to 31.7% — a gap of over half a million web-facing computers.
LiteSpeed saw the only other notable increase in web-facing computers, with an additional 10,400 (+17.6%) boosting its total to 69,500 web-facing computers. LiteSpeed also gained the 2nd largest number of domains this month, with an increase of 289,000, increasing its total to 5.75 million.
Apache suffered the largest loss in domains and active-sites this month, dropping by 597,000 and 886,000 respectively; and was followed by Microsoft with a loss of 203,000 domains and 115,000 active sites. Meanwhile in the web-facing computers and top million busiest sites metrics, Microsoft instead had the largest losses of 21,600 computers and 3,700 of the million busiest sites, followed by Apache with a loss of 15,400 computers and 2,500 of the million busiest sites. Despite its losses in these metrics, Apache continues to power the largest number of active sites with a share of 24.8%, and top-million sites with a share of 25.2%.
|Developer||May 2021||Percent||June 2021||Percent||Change|
Posted in Web Server Survey
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