Who should bear the cost of phishing losses: the bank or the customer? That question is at the heart of a recent dispute between the Bank of Ireland and a group of customers that fell victim to a phishing scam that drained 160,000 Euros ($202,000) from their accounts. The bank initially refused to cover the losses, but has since changed its mind and credited the accounts of nine victims, who had threatened to sue to recover their funds.
The Bank of Ireland incident is one of the first public cases of a bank seeking to force phishing victims to accept financial responsibility for their losses, but it likely won't be the last. Phishing scams continue to profilerate, as Netcraft has blocked more than 100,000 URLs already in 2006, up from 41,000 in all of 2005. Financial institutions continue to cover most customer losses from unauthorized withdrawals. But after several years of intensive customer education efforts, the details of phishing cases are coming under closer scrutiny, and the effectiveness of anti-phishing efforts taken by both the customer and the bank are likely to become an issue in a larger number of cases.
The issue of responsibility has been most prominent in the UK. In late 2004, the UK trade association for banks, known as APACs, began warning that financial institutions may stop covering losses from customers who have ignored safety warnings. That stance is reflected in the group's statement on customer protection.
Managed hosting provider DataPipe announced Tuesday that it has secured a $12 million private placement investment, and will use the funding to buy additional data center space. The funding continues a period of strong investor interest in the hosting sector. The first half of 2006 saw a flurry of acquisitions involving major hosts and domain registrars, and investment bankers say the industry is also attracting private funding from investors wanting to participate in the industry's growth.
The New Jersey company said its recent growth has prompted a global expansion. The first deal is close to home. "We have purchased a 36,000 square foot facility in central New Jersey," said Robb Allen, founder and CEO of DataPipe. "We are in the process of upgrading the infrastructure to meet the standards required of a Tier 4 facility (the highest rating under an industry standard from The Uptime Institute)." Allen said DataPipe expects to begin installing clients in the new data center in the first quarter of 2007 and expected to announce further data center acquisitions in the near future.
Security researchers have demonstrated a way to forge digital signatures that can fool the OpenSSL software used in many secure web servers and virtual private networks (VPN). The OpenSSL Project has issued patches to address the weakness, and is urging users to upgrade or install the patches.
The signature forgery technique was first demonstrated by Daniel Bleichenbacher, a cryptographer at Bell Labs, at the CRYPTO 2006 conference last month. While the forgery only works on specific keys (known as PKCS #1 v1.), these keys are used by some certificate authorities in SSL server certificates.
Ranking by Failed Requests and Connection time,
August 1st - 31st 2006
The world's largest web host is also is the best performer this month, as 1&1 Internet ties with Rackspace and New York Internet as the most reliable relable hosting company site for August 2006. The home pages for all three providers were perfect for the month, with no downtime and no failed requests.
This month's leaderboard provides an interesting contrast, demonstrating that hosting customers can find good network connectivity at either end of the hosting spectrum. 1&1 is one of the cheapest providers, offering shared hosting accounts starting at $2.99 per month, while New York Internet and Rackspace are managed hosting specialists that provide custom pricing.
Rackspace has been the most reliable host four times this year, while NYI has topped the list or tied for first on three occasions. 1&1, which hosts more than 3 million active sites, previously led the rankings in May 2005.
Seven of the 10 most reliable hosters run their sites on Linux, while two use FreeBSD, and one Windows Server 2003.
In the September 2006 survey we received responses from
96,854,877 sites, an increase of 4.2 million (4.3%) from last month's survey. This continues the accelerated pace of Internet growth in recent months, as the survey has gained 15.5 million sites since June.
Growth is being driven by two trends: the popularity of blogging services, and the heated battle between Microsoft and Google for new users for their web platforms. Huge growth continues at Windows Live Spaces, Microsoft's free blogging/networking service, which added 1.3 million hostnames last month. Google had a gain of 459K hostnames, primarily at Blogger, its free blogging service.
Significantly, the free hosting offerings appear to be attracting new users. In the first five months of the year, the Internet added an average of 2.75 million new hostnames per month. Since June, that average has more than doubled, to 5.4 million sites per month. The number of new sites created will always exceed the net monthly gain, as some sites are discontinued or see their domain names expire.
The recent gains at free services have begun to outstrip growth at paid web hosting providers. It may seem unfair to compare free and paid hosting, and the markets attract different kinds of users. Nonetheless, the success of these services in recent months represents a growing challenge to traditional hosts, especially as they gain usage among small businesses, typically a key target market for paid hosting.
The large growth at Microsoft continues to influence the market share for web server software. Microsoft gains 1.1% share this month, while Apache declines by 0.9%.
Total Sites Across All Domains August 1995 - September 2006
|Developer||August 2006||Percent||September 2006||Percent||Change|
By the 1st September, Netcraft has received, reviewed and blocked more than 150,000 unique URLs reported to us as phishing sites.
In recent reviews Ziff-Davis comments
"In testing on live phishing sites, IE 7 RC1 failed to identify as many
phishing sites as Netcraft's free IE toolbar. "
while the Washington Post remarked
"I've visited countless phishing sites in the past few months, and
Netcraft's toolbar has done its job almost unfailingly."
To show our appreciation, Netcraft will send a top of the range iPod [or item of equivalent value for anyone who has already received a "Thanks for all the Phish" commemorative iPod from Netcraft] to the five people who have the largest number of phishing reports accepted during September.
To track the progress, we have created a leaderboard displaying the people with the largest number of accepted reports so far in September, identified by their first names to preserve their anonymity.
The Netcraft Toolbar, which is available for both Internet Explorer and Firefox, serves as a giant neighborhood watch scheme for the Internet: members who encounter a phishing fraud can act to defend the larger community of users against the attack. Once the first recipients of a phishing mail have reported the target URL, it is blocked for toolbar users who subsequently access the URL and widely disseminated attacks simply mean that the phishing attack will be reported and blocked sooner.